Cytokine-induced mobilization of circulating endothelial progenitor cells enhances repair of injured arteries

Deling Kong, Luis G. Melo, Massimiliano Gnecchi, Lunan Zhang, Gustavo Mostoslavsky, Chong C. Liew, Richard E. Pratt, Victor J. Dzau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background - The existence of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (CEPCs) has previously been documented. These cells can be mobilized by cytokines and are recruited to sites of injury, where they may participate in tissue repair. In the present study, we examined the hypothesis that mobilization of CEPCs by exogenous granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) enhances repair of injured arteries by facilitating reendothelialization and inhibiting neointima development. Methods and Results - Male rats were injected daily with 50 μg/kg recombinant human G-CSF or 0.9% NaCl SC for 8 days. On the fifth day of treatment, 1 mL of blood was collected for fluorescence- activated cell sorting analysis of mononuclear cells, and the animals underwent balloon angioplasty of the common carotid artery. The animals were killed at 2 or 4 weeks after injury, and the carotid arteries were harvested and processed for immunohistochemistry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and morphometric analysis of endothelialization and neointimal formation. G-CSF increased the number of circulating mononuclear cells that express endothelial cell lineage markers several-fold. SEM and immunohistochemical staining with the endothelial marker, platelet and endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, showed rapid and nearly complete (>90%) reendothelialization of the denuded vessels in the G-CSF-treated animals compared with

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2039-2046
Number of pages8
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Oct 5 2004


  • Endothelium
  • Growth substances
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Restenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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