The effect of several cytokines (IL1β and TNFα) on the inducible biosynthesis and release of NO by cultured astrocytoma cells was investigated and compared to that observed following pretreatment of cells with LPS. Preincubation for 4, 12, 24 and 48h of astrocytoma cells with IL1β (10 ng ml-1), TNFα (500 U ml-1) and LPS (0.5 μg ml-1) enhanced their ability to inhibit thrombin-induced platelet aggregation through the release of an NO-like factor and increased nitrite levels in supernatants of stirred cells. The enhancement of NO production induced by cytokines as well as LPS was mediated by a time-dependent increase of NO-synthase activity in cell homogenates being mainly Ca++- calmodulin-independent. However, LPS activated earlier than cytokines the inducible NO-synthase and its effect was, at least in part, related to the release of IL1β by astrocytoma cells. In conclusion, the present data show, for the first time, that astrocytoma cells possess a cytokine-inducible Ca++-calmodulin-independent NO-synthase, whose activation seems to occur with a mechanism different from that described for LPS.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology