Cytokine production (IL-1α, IL-1β, and TNFα) and endothelial cell activation (ELAM-1 and HLA-DR) in reactive lymphadenitis, Hodgkin's Disease, and in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. An immunocytochemical study

L. P. Ruco, D. Pomponi, R. Pigott, A. Stoppacciaro, F. Monardo, S. Uccini, D. Boraschi, A. Tagliabue, A. Santoni, E. Dejana, A. Mantovani, C. D. Baroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cryostat sections of 58 lymph nodes were immunostained with a polyclonal rabbit serum against Il-1α, and with monoclonal antibodies directed to IL-1α (Vmp18), IL-1β (Vhp20 and BrhC3), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) (B154.7). Furthermore the presence of cytokine-containing cells was correlated with the expression of endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule (ELAM-1; 29F2) and of human leukocyte antigen (HLA-DR) (OKIa-1) by endothelial cells. Cells containing IL-1 and/or TNFα were detected mainly in pathologic conditions characterized by reactive or neoplastic expansion of the lymph node paracortex. Cells positive for IL-1 were detected in 16 of 21 cases of Hodgkin's disease, in 4 of 4 cases of T-NHL, and in 5 cases of diffuse or mixed lymphadenitis. Interleukin-1α was detected in macrophages, interdigitating reticulum cells (IDRCs), endothelial cells, and neoplastic Hodgkin's and Reed-Sternberg (H-RS) cells. Cells positive for IL-1β were much fewer and consisted mainly of macrophages. Hodgkin's Reed-Sternberg cells were negative for IL-1β even after in vitro stimulation with bacterial endotoxin. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) was present in macrophages and H-RS cells. Endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 expression by endothelial venules was detected in 17 of 20 cases of Hodgkin's disease, in 2 of 4 cases of T-NHL, and in 5 of 5 cases of diffuse lymphadenitis. In these pathologic conditions, HLA-DR antigens also were expressed frequently by endothelial cells. Cytokine-containing cells and ELAM-1-positive high endothelial venules (HEV) were extremely rare in lymph nodes involved by follicular lymphadenitis (12 cases) or B-NHL (16 cases). In cases of reactive or neoplastic B-cell proliferations, HLA-DR-positive HEVs still were present often. Our results indicate that IL-1/TNFα production at tissue level is often associated with ELAM-1 expression by HEVs, but is less well correlated with expression of HLA-DR antigens by endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163-1171
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume137
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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