Cytokines (interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α)-induced nuclear factor-κB activation and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 release in Graves disease and ophthalmopathy are modulated by pioglitazone

Alessandro Antonelli, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Poupak Fallahi, Simona Piaggi, Aldo Paolicchi, Stefano Sellari Franceschini, Mario Salvi, Ele Ferrannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Until now, the following are not known: (1) the mechanisms underlying the induction of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10) secretion by cytokines in thyrocytes; (2) if pioglitazone is able, like rosiglitazone, to inhibit the interferon (IFN)-γ-induced chemokine expression in Graves disease (GD) or ophthalmopathy (GO); and (3) the mechanisms underlying the inhibition by thiazolidinediones of the cytokines-induced CXCL10 release in thyrocytes. The aims of this study were (1) to study the mechanisms underlying the induction of CXCL10 secretion by cytokines in GD thyrocytes; (2) to test the effect of pioglitazone on IFNγ-inducible CXCL10 secretion in primary thyrocytes, orbital fibroblasts, and preadipocytes from GD and GO patients; and (3) to evaluate the mechanism of action of thiazolidinediones on nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation. The results of the study (1) demonstrate that IFNγ + TNFα enhanced the DNA binding activity of NF-κB in GD thyrocytes, in association with the release of CXCL10; (2) show that pioglitazone exerts a dose-dependent inhibition on IFNγ + TNFα-induced CXCL10 secretion in thyrocytes, orbital fibroblasts, and preadipocytes, similar to the effect observed with rosiglitazone; and (3) demonstrate that thiazolidinediones (pioglitazone and rosiglitazone) act by reducing the IFNγ + TNFα activation of NF-κB in Graves thyrocytes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study showing that cytokines are able to activate NF-κB in Graves thyrocytes and a parallel inhibitory effect of pioglitazone both on CXCL10 chemokine secretion and NF-κB activation. Future studies will be needed to verify if new targeted peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ activators may be able to exert the anti-inflammatory effects without the risk of expanding retrobulbar fat mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-283
Number of pages7
JournalMetabolism
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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