Cytokinome profile evaluation in patients with hepatitis C virus infection

Francesca Capone, Eliana Guerriero, Giovanni Colonna, Patrizia Maio, Alessandra Mangia, Giuseppe Castello, Susan Costantini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The "omics sciences" (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics) are often used to study living organisms as a whole system by evaluating the complex expression patterns of genes, miRNA, proteins, and metabolites. This study aimed, through bioinformatics and systems biology, to decipher the cytokinome profile in the evolution of inflammatory processes leading to cancer. The cytokinome was defined as the totality of cytokines and their interactions in and around biological cells. The system biology approach would provide a better understanding of the complex interaction network of cytokines, especially in cancer patients. Acquired knowledge would enable health providers with tools to evaluate disease onset through progression as well as identifying innovative therapeutic strategies. Understanding the role each cytokine plays in the metabolic network is of great importance. This paper reviews our group's "omics" work. In particular, it addresses the role cytokines play in liver disease in six different scenarios. The first is the role the cytokines play in chronic inflammatory diseases and cancers. The second is the significance of the cytokinome profile. The third is the role of liver cirrhosis as an inflammatory disease. The fourth is the comparison of cytokine levels evaluated in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) or with HCV-related cirrhosis. The fifth is the comparison of cytokine levels evaluated in patients with HCV-related cirrhosis in the presence and absence of type 2 diabetes. And lastly, we present a comparison of cytokine levels evaluated in patients with HCV-related cirrhosis in the presence and absence of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9261-9269
Number of pages9
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume20
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 28 2014

Keywords

  • Cirrhosis
  • Cytokinome
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Interactome
  • Systems biology
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Medicine(all)

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