Cytologic and flow cytometric DNA analysis of multinucleated tumor cells and derived microcells

E. Rampoldi, L. Larizza, S. Heltai, E. Erba, P. Ubezio, V. Schirrmacher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Microcell production by means of Colcemid-induced micronucleation and subsequent enucleation with the density gradient technique was adjusted for use with the murine T-lymphoma line ESb-M. Modification of the standard protocol for a cell type on which no experiments had previously been performed required careful monitoring of the multiple steps in the procedure in order to optimize the final microcell yield. Traditional microscopic verification may sometimes be ambiguous, due to the lack of a clear cutoff point between small whole cells and cell fragments; in these conditions, the level of variability increases, thus impairing quantitative estimations. Flow cytometric (FCM) analysis of DNA content and size of donor cells and microcells was therefore applied in parallel to provide additional quantitative information. The FCM results supplemented the microscopic data in assessing which fraction recovered from the gradient has the lowest percentage of contaminant whole cells; however, FCM analysis may provide more statistically significant data due to the large size of the sample examined. Moreover, FCM is of prospective use in providing the basis for subsequent sorting of either pure microcells or specific subpopulations of defined DNA content and size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Anatomy
  • Histology


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