Cytomegalovirus disease in renal transplanted patients: Prevalence, determining factors, and influence on graft and patients outcomes

Carlo Maria Alfieri, Paolo Molinari, Mariateresa Gandolfo, Mariarosaria Campise, Donata Cresseri, Anna Regalia, Evaldo Favi, Min Li, Masami Ikehata, Serena Delbue, Piergiorgio Messa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence and the factors related to cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease (CMVd) during the 1st year of renal transplantation (RTx) and the relationship between CMVd and early and longterm graft and RTx-patient (RTx-p) survival were evaluated. In 505 RTx-p, followed up for 8(5–11) years, data were recorded after 1-(T1) and 12-(T12) months of RTx. CMVd was defined either by CMV replication without clinical signs of disease (CMVr, 43%), or CMV replication with signs of disease (CMVs, 57%). During the 1st year of RTx, 45% of RTx-p had CMVd (CMVd+). CMVd+ patients were older than CMVd− patients. Female gender and Donor CMV-IgG+ (CMV IgG−D+)/recipient IgG-(CMV IgG−R-) status were more prevalent in CMVd+. At T1, CMVd+ had lower albumin, haemoglobin, and higher uric-acid and reactive C-protein than CMVd− and, at T1 and T12, received more steroids. Albumin-T1 was the unique factor in determining CMVd+, maintaining its significance also after the inclusion of IgG−D+/IgG−R− status to the model. CMVs had higher prevalence of CMV IgG-D+/IgG-R-than CMVr. CMVd, CMVr, and CMVs had no impact on graft loss (11% of RTx-p) and RTx-p death (8% of RTx-p). CMVd is highly prevalent during the 1st year of RTx. Albumin-T1 influences CMVd insurgence. CMVd did not impact on RTx and RTx-p loss.

Original languageEnglish
Article number473
JournalPathogens
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Graft outcome
  • Infection
  • Renal transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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