Cytotoxic necrotizing factor production by hemolytic strains of Escherichia coli causing extraintestinal infections

A. Caprioli, V. Falbo, F. M. Ruggeri, L. Baldassarri, R. Bisicchia, G. Ippolito, E. Romoli, G. Donelli

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Abstract

Two hundred and nineteen strains of Escherichia coli from extraintestinal infections and feces of healthy subjects were examined for hemolysin (Hly) and cytotoxic necrotizing factor (CNF) production and for mannose-resistant hemagglutination. Of 105 strains from extraintestinal infections, 42 (40.0%) were positive for production of both Hly and CNF, and 21 (20.0%) were positive for Hly alone; on the contrary, only 1 Hly- and CNF-positive strain and 2 Hly-positive strains were found among 114 strains from normal stools. CNF production was not found to occur among the nonhemolytic strains, confirming the close association existing between these toxic factors. Hemolytic strains positive for CNF showed mannose-resistant hemagglutination less frequently than did Hly-positive, CNF-negative strains (25.6 versus 82.6%), suggesting the existence of two distinct classes among hemolytic strains of E. coli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-149
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume25
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Caprioli, A., Falbo, V., Ruggeri, F. M., Baldassarri, L., Bisicchia, R., Ippolito, G., Romoli, E., & Donelli, G. (1987). Cytotoxic necrotizing factor production by hemolytic strains of Escherichia coli causing extraintestinal infections. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 25(1), 146-149.