Purified CD4+ cells from the spleens of C57BL/6 mice were stimulated with anti-CD3, anti-CD28 and anti-cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen (CTLA)-4 monoclonal antibodies. The results show that CTLA-4 stimulation inhibits IL-2 production induced by CD3-CD28 cc-stimulation. Since CD3-CD28 co-stimulation induces IκBα degradation and consequently activates RelA, an NfκB family member relevant for the induction of IL-2 mRNA transcription, we tested whether the inhibitory effect of CTLA-4 stimulation interferes with this mechanism. CD3-CD28 co-stimulation was found to induce a drastic decrease in cytoplasmic IκBα and increase in nuclear RelA. CTLA-4 stimulation abrogates this effect of co-stimulation by increasing the level of cytoplasmic IκBα and decreasing the nuclear RelA level and DNA-binding activity. In conclusion, our results indicate that the inhibitory effect of CTLA-4 engagement on cytokine production correlates with prevention of IκBα degradation and inhibition of RelA nuclear translocation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
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