Cytotoxicity on tumour cells of human mononuclear phagocytes: Defective tumoricidal capacity of alveolar macrophages

C. Bordignon, R. Avallone, G. Peri, N. Polentarutti, C. Mangioni, A. Mantovani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Human cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage were isolated by adherence from peripheral blood, peritoneal exudate, non-neoplastic ascites, benign ovarian cystic fluid and bronchoaleveolar lavages. Cytolytic activity was measured as 3H-thymidine release from prelabelled mKSA TU5 tumour cells over 48-72 hr and cytostasis was evaluated in a 72-hr spectrophotometric assay. Mononuclear phagocytes from the various anatomical sites examined, except lung alveolar spaces, were significantly cytolytic and cytostatic on target cells. Unlike other cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage, alveolar macrophages were not cytocidal, but significantly inhibited tumour cell proliferative capacity. Peripheral blood monocytes and peritoneal macrophages showed enhanced cytotoxicity in the presence of partially purified human fibroblast interferon or of lymphokine supernatants from mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes. In contrast, interferon did not affect the cytotoxic potential of alveolar macrophages, whereas lymphokines augmented their cytostatic activity and rendered them weakly cytolytic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-342
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume41
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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