Dangerous connections: Neutrophils and the phagocytic clearance of activated platelets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of review: Platelets and neutrophils co-localize at sites of vessel injury, hemorrhage and thrombosis. Moreover, circulating platelets and leukocytes interact productively, and the formation of heterotypic aggregates is a feature of acute coronary syndromes, systemic inflammatory, neoplastic and autoimmune diseases. We have summarized the evidence suggesting a homeostatic function of the interaction, culminating in the removal of activated platelets from the bloodstream. Recent findings: Anionic phospholipids, that is cell surface 'eat me' signals exposed both by activated platelets and dying cells, signals such as P-selectin (CD62P), specifically expressed by platelets, as well as of polarized clusters of neutrophils β2 integrins play a role in the capture of platelets in vitro and in vivo. Summary: A bona-fide synapse assembles as a consequence of the interaction between P-selectin and its counter-receptor on neutrophils, with clustering of activated β2 integrins into membrane microdomains and reorganization of cytoskeleton components that control cell motility and phagocytosis. Actual engulfment of the tethered platelet depends on the recognition of phosphatidylserine and/or of phosphatidylserine-associated molecules. This event may have a physiologic role in the regulation of the hemostatic potential of circulating blood; conversely, a failure may contribute to persistent vascular inflammation and thrombosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Hematology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • DAMPs
  • Neutrophils
  • Phagocytosis
  • Platelets
  • Vascular inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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