Daptomycin and rifampin alone and in combination prevent vascular graft biofilm formation and emergence of antibiotic resistance in a subcutaneous rat pouch model of staphylococcal infection

O. Cirioni, F. Mocchegiani, R. Ghiselli, C. Silvestri, E. Gabrielli, E. Marchionni, F. Orlando, D. Nicolini, A. Risaliti, A. Giacometti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of daptomycin and rifampin either alone or in combination in preventing prosthesis biofilm in a rat model of staphylococcal vascular graft infection. Design: Prospective, randomised, controlled animal study. Materials: Graft infections were established in the back subcutaneous tissue of adult male Wistar rats by implantation of Dacron prostheses followed by topical inoculation with 2 × 107 colony forming units of Staphylococcus aureus, strain Smith diffuse. Methods: The study included a control group, a contaminated group that did not receive any antibiotic prophylaxis and three contaminated groups that received intra-peritoneal daptomycin, rifampin-soaked graft and daptomycin plus rifampin-soaked graft, respectively. Each group included 15 animals. The infection burden was evaluated by using sonication and quantitative agar culture. Moreover, an in vitro antibiotic susceptibility assay for S. aureus biofilms was performed to elucidate the same activity. Results: When tested alone, daptomycin and rifampin showed good efficacies. Their combination showed efficacies significantly higher than that of each single compound. The in vitro studies showed that Minimum Inhibitory Concentration and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration values for daptomycin were lower in presence of rifampin. Daptomycin prevented the emergence of rifampin resistance. Conclusion: Daptomycin is an important candidate for prevention of staphylococcal biofilm-related infection and rifampin could serve as an interesting anti-staphylococcal antibiotic enhancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-822
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Bacterial biofilm
  • Daptomycin
  • Lipopeptides
  • Rifampin
  • Vascular graft infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

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