DDP-induced cytotoxicity is net influenced by p53 in nine human ovarian cancer cell lines with different p53 status

P. De Feudis, D. Debernardis, P. Beccaglia, M. Valenti, E. Graniela Siré, D. Arzani, S. Stanzione, S. Parodi, M. D'Incalci, P. Russo, M. Broggini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nine human ovarian cancer cell lines that express wild-type (wt) or mutated (mut) p53 were used to evaluate the cytotoxicity induced by cisplatin (DDP). The concentrations inhibiting the growth by 50% (IC50) were calculated for each cell line, and no differences were found between cells expressing wt p53 and mut p53. Using, for each cell line, the DDP IC50 we found that these concentrations were able to induce an increase in p53 levels in all four wt-p53-expressing cell lines and in one out of five mut-p53-expressing cell lines. WAF1 and GADD45 mRNAs were also increased by DDP treatment, independently of the presence of a wt p53. Bax levels were only marginally affected by DDP, and this was observed in both wt-p53- and mut-p53-expressing cells. DDP-induced apoptosis was evident 72 h after treatment, and the percentage of cells undergoing apoptosis was slightly higher for wt-p53-expressing cells. However, at doses near the IC50 the percentage of apoptotic cells was less than 20% in all the cell lines investigated. We conclude that the presence of wt p53 is not a determinant for the cytotoxicity induced by DDP in human ovarian cancer cell lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-479
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume76
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cisplatin
  • Ovarian cancer
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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