Deadlock of proctologic practice in Italy during COVID-19 pandemic: a national report from ProctoLock2020

ProctoLock2020 Working Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Proctology is one of the surgical specialties that suffered the most during COVID-19 pandemic. Using data from a cross-sectional worldwide web survey, we aimed to snapshot the current status of proctologic practice in Italy with differences between three macro areas (North, Centre, South). Specialists affiliated to renowned scientific societies with an interest in coloproctology were invited to join a 27-item survey. Predictive power of respondents' and hospitals' demographics on the change of status of surgical activities was calculated. The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04392245). Of 299 respondents from Italy, 94 (40%) practiced in the North, 60 (25%) in the Centrer and 82 (35%) in the South and Islands. The majority were men (79%), at consultant level (70%), with a mean age of 46.5 years, practicing in academic hospitals (39%), where a dedicated proctologist was readily available (68%). Southern respondents were more at risk of infection compared to those from the Center (OR, 3.30; 95%CI 1.46; 7.47, P = 0.004), as were males (OR, 2.64; 95%CI 1.09; 6.37, P = 0.031) and those who routinely tested patients prior to surgery (OR, 3.02; 95%CI 1.39; 6.53, P = 0.005). The likelihood of ongoing surgical practice was higher in the South (OR 1.36, 95%CI 0.75; 2.46, P = 0.304) and in centers that were not fully dedicated to COVID-19 care (OR 4.00, 95%CI 1.88; 8.50, P < 0.001). The results of this survey highlight important factors contributing to the deadlock of proctologic practice in Italy and may inform the development of future management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1255-1261
Number of pages7
JournalUpdates Surg.
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data
  • COVID-19/epidemiology
  • Colorectal Surgery/statistics & numerical data
  • Elective Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data
  • Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Hospital Administration
  • Humans
  • Infection Control
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control
  • Italy/epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics

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