Dealing with the aftermath of mass disasters: A field study on the application of EMDR integrative group treatment protocol with child survivors of the 2016 Italy earthquakes

Cristina Trentini, Marco Lauriola, Alessandro Giuliani, Giada Maslovaric, Renata Tambelli, Isabel Fernandez, Marco Pagani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study explored the effects of the EMDR Integrative Group Treatment Protocol (EMDR-IGTP) on child survivors of the earthquakes that struck Umbria, a region of central Italy, on August 24th and on October 26th 2016. Three hundred and thirty-two children from the town of Norcia and nearby severely disrupted villages received 3 cycles of EMDR-IGTP. The Emotion Thermometers (ET-5) and the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) were administered before (T0) and about 1 week after the conclusion of the third cycle (T3) of EMDR-IGTP. At T3, older children showed a reduction of distress and anger, whereas younger children reported an increase on these domains; moreover, older children reported a greater reduction of anxiety than younger ones. A greater reduction of distress, anxiety, and need for help was evidenced in females, whereas a greater improvement in depressive symptoms was evidenced in males. The effects of the EMDR-IGTP treatment on post-traumatic symptoms were particularly evident in older children, compared to younger ones, and marginally greater in females than in males; moreover, a greater improvement was found in children who had received a timelier intervention, than in those who received delayed treatment. These results provide further evidence for the utility of EMDR-IGTP in dealing with the extensive need for mental health services in mass disaster contexts. Also, these data highlight the importance of providing EMDR-IGTP in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, to contribute significantly in restoring adaptive psychological functioning in children, especially in older ones.

Original languageEnglish
Article number862
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume9
Issue numberJUN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 4 2018

Fingerprint

Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing
Earthquakes
Disasters
Clinical Protocols
Italy
Survivors
Anxiety
Thermometers
Anger
Mental Health Services
Emotions

Keywords

  • Children
  • Earthquake
  • EMDR-IGTP
  • Emotional problems
  • Mass disaster
  • Post-traumatic reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Dealing with the aftermath of mass disasters : A field study on the application of EMDR integrative group treatment protocol with child survivors of the 2016 Italy earthquakes. / Trentini, Cristina; Lauriola, Marco; Giuliani, Alessandro; Maslovaric, Giada; Tambelli, Renata; Fernandez, Isabel; Pagani, Marco.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 9, No. JUN, 862, 04.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{03262a70afcb4cf2b440d82304496673,
title = "Dealing with the aftermath of mass disasters: A field study on the application of EMDR integrative group treatment protocol with child survivors of the 2016 Italy earthquakes",
abstract = "This study explored the effects of the EMDR Integrative Group Treatment Protocol (EMDR-IGTP) on child survivors of the earthquakes that struck Umbria, a region of central Italy, on August 24th and on October 26th 2016. Three hundred and thirty-two children from the town of Norcia and nearby severely disrupted villages received 3 cycles of EMDR-IGTP. The Emotion Thermometers (ET-5) and the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) were administered before (T0) and about 1 week after the conclusion of the third cycle (T3) of EMDR-IGTP. At T3, older children showed a reduction of distress and anger, whereas younger children reported an increase on these domains; moreover, older children reported a greater reduction of anxiety than younger ones. A greater reduction of distress, anxiety, and need for help was evidenced in females, whereas a greater improvement in depressive symptoms was evidenced in males. The effects of the EMDR-IGTP treatment on post-traumatic symptoms were particularly evident in older children, compared to younger ones, and marginally greater in females than in males; moreover, a greater improvement was found in children who had received a timelier intervention, than in those who received delayed treatment. These results provide further evidence for the utility of EMDR-IGTP in dealing with the extensive need for mental health services in mass disaster contexts. Also, these data highlight the importance of providing EMDR-IGTP in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, to contribute significantly in restoring adaptive psychological functioning in children, especially in older ones.",
keywords = "Children, Earthquake, EMDR-IGTP, Emotional problems, Mass disaster, Post-traumatic reactions",
author = "Cristina Trentini and Marco Lauriola and Alessandro Giuliani and Giada Maslovaric and Renata Tambelli and Isabel Fernandez and Marco Pagani",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "4",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00862",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",
number = "JUN",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dealing with the aftermath of mass disasters

T2 - A field study on the application of EMDR integrative group treatment protocol with child survivors of the 2016 Italy earthquakes

AU - Trentini, Cristina

AU - Lauriola, Marco

AU - Giuliani, Alessandro

AU - Maslovaric, Giada

AU - Tambelli, Renata

AU - Fernandez, Isabel

AU - Pagani, Marco

PY - 2018/6/4

Y1 - 2018/6/4

N2 - This study explored the effects of the EMDR Integrative Group Treatment Protocol (EMDR-IGTP) on child survivors of the earthquakes that struck Umbria, a region of central Italy, on August 24th and on October 26th 2016. Three hundred and thirty-two children from the town of Norcia and nearby severely disrupted villages received 3 cycles of EMDR-IGTP. The Emotion Thermometers (ET-5) and the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) were administered before (T0) and about 1 week after the conclusion of the third cycle (T3) of EMDR-IGTP. At T3, older children showed a reduction of distress and anger, whereas younger children reported an increase on these domains; moreover, older children reported a greater reduction of anxiety than younger ones. A greater reduction of distress, anxiety, and need for help was evidenced in females, whereas a greater improvement in depressive symptoms was evidenced in males. The effects of the EMDR-IGTP treatment on post-traumatic symptoms were particularly evident in older children, compared to younger ones, and marginally greater in females than in males; moreover, a greater improvement was found in children who had received a timelier intervention, than in those who received delayed treatment. These results provide further evidence for the utility of EMDR-IGTP in dealing with the extensive need for mental health services in mass disaster contexts. Also, these data highlight the importance of providing EMDR-IGTP in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, to contribute significantly in restoring adaptive psychological functioning in children, especially in older ones.

AB - This study explored the effects of the EMDR Integrative Group Treatment Protocol (EMDR-IGTP) on child survivors of the earthquakes that struck Umbria, a region of central Italy, on August 24th and on October 26th 2016. Three hundred and thirty-two children from the town of Norcia and nearby severely disrupted villages received 3 cycles of EMDR-IGTP. The Emotion Thermometers (ET-5) and the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) were administered before (T0) and about 1 week after the conclusion of the third cycle (T3) of EMDR-IGTP. At T3, older children showed a reduction of distress and anger, whereas younger children reported an increase on these domains; moreover, older children reported a greater reduction of anxiety than younger ones. A greater reduction of distress, anxiety, and need for help was evidenced in females, whereas a greater improvement in depressive symptoms was evidenced in males. The effects of the EMDR-IGTP treatment on post-traumatic symptoms were particularly evident in older children, compared to younger ones, and marginally greater in females than in males; moreover, a greater improvement was found in children who had received a timelier intervention, than in those who received delayed treatment. These results provide further evidence for the utility of EMDR-IGTP in dealing with the extensive need for mental health services in mass disaster contexts. Also, these data highlight the importance of providing EMDR-IGTP in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, to contribute significantly in restoring adaptive psychological functioning in children, especially in older ones.

KW - Children

KW - Earthquake

KW - EMDR-IGTP

KW - Emotional problems

KW - Mass disaster

KW - Post-traumatic reactions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048068525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85048068525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00862

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00862

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85048068525

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

IS - JUN

M1 - 862

ER -