Decapping protein EDC4 regulates DNA repair and phenocopies BRCA1

Gonzalo Hernández, María José Ramírez, Jordi Minguillón, Paco Quiles, Gorka Ruiz de Garibay, Miriam Aza-Carmona, Massimo Bogliolo, Roser Pujol, Rosario Prados-Carvajal, Juana Fernández, Nadia García, Adrià López, Sara Gutiérrez-Enríquez, Orland Diez, Javier Benítez, Mónica Salinas, Alex Teulé, Joan Brunet, Paolo Radice, Paolo PeterlongoDetlev Schindler, Pablo Huertas, Xose S Puente, Conxi Lázaro, Miquel Àngel Pujana, Jordi Surrallés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BRCA1 is a tumor suppressor that regulates DNA repair by homologous recombination. Germline mutations in BRCA1 are associated with increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer and BRCA1 deficient tumors are exquisitely sensitive to poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. Therefore, uncovering additional components of this DNA repair pathway is of extreme importance for further understanding cancer development and therapeutic vulnerabilities. Here, we identify EDC4, a known component of processing-bodies and regulator of mRNA decapping, as a member of the BRCA1-BRIP1-TOPBP1 complex. EDC4 plays a key role in homologous recombination by stimulating end resection at double-strand breaks. EDC4 deficiency leads to genome instability and hypersensitivity to DNA interstrand cross-linking drugs and PARP inhibitors. Lack-of-function mutations in EDC4 were detected in BRCA1/2-mutation-negative breast cancer cases, suggesting a role in breast cancer susceptibility. Collectively, this study recognizes EDC4 with a dual role in decapping and DNA repair whose inactivation phenocopies BRCA1 deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 6 2018

Keywords

  • BRCA1 Protein/genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms/genetics
  • Carrier Proteins/genetics
  • DNA Repair
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
  • Female
  • Homologous Recombination
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Nuclear Proteins/genetics
  • Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1/genetics
  • Protein Binding
  • Proteins/genetics
  • RNA Caps/genetics

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