Decision making concepts for the remote, personalized evaluation of COPD patients’ health status

S. Colantonio, L. Govoni, R. L. Dellacà, M. Martinelli, O. Salvetti, M. Vitacca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on “Biosignal Interpretation: Advanced Methods for Neural Signals and Images”. Objectives: This paper presents the main concepts of a decision making approach for the remote management of COPD patients based on the early detection of disease exacerbation episodes. Methods: An e-diary card is defined to evaluate a number of physiological variables and clinical parameters acquired remotely by means of wearable and environmental sensors deployed in patients’ long-stay settings. The automatic evaluation of the card results in a so-called Chronic Status Index (CSI) whose computation is tailored to patients’ specific manifestation of the disease (i.e., patient’s phenotype). The decision support method relies on a parameterized analysis of CSI variations so as to early detect worsening changes, identify exacerbation severity and track the patterns of recovery. Results: A preliminary study, carried out in real settings with 30 COPD patients monitored at home, has shown the validity and sensitivity of the method proposed, which was effectively able to timely and correctly identify patients’ critical situation. Conclusion: The preliminary results showed that the proposed e-diary card, which pre -sents several novel features with respect to other solutions presented in the literature, can be practically used to remotely monitor COPD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-247
Number of pages8
JournalMethods of Information in Medicine
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Clinical decision support systems
  • Outpatient monitoring
  • Personalized medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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