Effective therapy for prion diseases is currently unavailable. Recently, vaccination was shown to be effective in mouse models of a particular neurodegenerative conditions: Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we report that vaccination with synthetic oligopeptides homologous to the hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) prion protein augments survival time in animals infected intraperitoneally with 263K scrapie agent. For each hamster included in the study, prion-specific serum antibodies as well as deposition of pathological prion protein (PrPres), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and mRNA expression for cytokines (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-10) in brain tissues were evaluated. In immunized animals, increased survival after challenge was associated with a reduction of cerebral lesion, PrP deposition and GFAP expression; in these animals, anti-prion protein peptide antibody levels were increased, and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNFα and IL-1β) was reduced. Vaccination could be an effective therapeutic approach to postpone disease onset.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health