Decreased plasma levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products in patients with essential hypertension

Diego Geroldi, Colomba Falcone, Enzo Emanuele, Angela D'Angelo, Margherita Calcagnino, Maria P. Buzzi, Giuseppe A. Scioli, Roberto Fogari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Advanced glycation end-products (AGE) may cause vascular stiffening by forming crosslinks through the collagen molecule or by interaction with their cellular transductional receptor (RAGE). A secreted isoform of RAGE, termed soluble RAGE (sRAGE), may contribute to the removal/detoxification of AGE by acting as a decoy. Here we studied the plasma sRAGE levels in hypertensive and normotensive human subjects. We also investigated the relationship between blood pressure parameters and plasma sRAGE concentrations. Design: A cross-sectional case-control study. Setting and participants The outpatient clinic of a university teaching hospital. Participants were 147 never-treated patients with essential hypertension (87 men and 60 women, aged 50 ± 10 years) and 177 normotensive controls (118 men and 59 women, aged 49 ± 10 years). Main outcome measures: Plasma sRAGE levels determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure. Results: The plasma concentration of sRAGE [median (interquartile range)] was 1206 (879-1658) pg/ml in hypertensive subjects and 1359 (999-2198) pg/ml in normotensive controls (P = 0.002). Simple correlation analysis revealed that log-transformed sRAGE levels were inversely correlated with SBP (r = -0.11; P <0.001) and PP (r = -0.23; P <0.001). Forward-selection multiple regression analysis revealed that log-transformed sRAGE levels were determined more strongly by PP (F = 3.127, P <0.001). Conclusions: Plasma sRAGE levels are decreased in patients with essential hypertension and are inversely related to PP. Our results raise the possibility that sRAGE may play a role in arterial stiffening and its complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1725-1729
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume23
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005

Keywords

  • Arterial stiffening
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • Hypertension
  • Pulse pressure
  • Soluble receptor for advanced glycation and products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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