Decreased usage and increased effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention in complex older patients with acute coronary syndromes

Mauro Di Bari, Daniela Balzi, Stefania Fracchia, Alessandro Barchielli, Francesco Orso, Andrea Sori, Simona Spini, Nazario Carrabba, Giovanni M. Santoro, Gian Franco Gensini, Niccolò Marchionni

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Abstract

Background Application of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is suboptimal in older frail individuals. This study was conducted to verify if background risk is a risk factor for underuse and diminished effectiveness of PCI in older patients. Methods An observational cohort study was conducted using data from the Acute Myocardial Infarction in Florence 2 registry, including all ACS hospitalised in 1 year in the area of Florence, Italy. Patients aged 75+ years were selected, whose background risk was stratified with the Silver Code (SC), a validated tool predicting mortality based upon administrative data. Multivariable OR for PCI application and HR for 1-year mortality by PCI usage were calculated. Results In 698 patients (358 women, mean age 83 years), of whom 176 had ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), for each point increase in SC score the odds for application of PCI decreased by 11%, whereas the hazard of 1-year mortality increased by 10%, adjusting for positive and negative predictors. PCI reduced 1-year mortality progressively more with increasing SC, with HR (95% CI) of 0.8 (0.19 to 1.21), 0.41 (0.18 to 0.45), 0.41 (0.23 to 0.74) and 0.26 (0.14 to 0.48) for SC of 0-3, 4-6, 7-10 and 11+. Conclusions Application of PCI in older ACS patients decreased with increasing background risk. This therapeutic attitude could not be justified by decreasing effectiveness of PCI in more compromised patients: conversely, application of PCI was associated with a long-term survival advantage that increased progressively with background risk, as expressed by SC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHeart
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 26 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Di Bari, M., Balzi, D., Fracchia, S., Barchielli, A., Orso, F., Sori, A., Spini, S., Carrabba, N., Santoro, G. M., Gensini, G. F., & Marchionni, N. (Accepted/In press). Decreased usage and increased effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention in complex older patients with acute coronary syndromes. Heart. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2013-305445