Deep brain stimulation fine-tuning in Parkinson's disease: Short pulse width effect on speech

Margherita Fabbri, Federico Natale, Carlo Alberto Artusi, Alberto Romagnolo, Marco Bozzali, Giovanni Giulietti, Isabel Guimaraes, Mario Giorgio Rizzone, Anna Accornero, Leonardo Lopiano, Maurizio Zibetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) may have a detrimental effect on speech in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and new stimulation technologies may help in addressing this issue. Objective: to evaluate the STN-DBS acute effect of 30 μs pulse width (30PW) versus conventional 60 μs PW (60PW) on speech and identify the core features of voice modified by 30PW. Methods: seven STN-DBS treated PD patients participated into a pilot cross-sectional study. Motor and speech performances were tested by means of both automatic analysis and blinded clinical evaluations in four stimulation conditions: 30PW and 60PW both at the usual amplitude and at an amplitude just below the threshold for stimulation-related side effects. Results: at the threshold amplitude, 30PW stimulation improved speech intelligibility for both words (p = 0.02) and sentences (p = 0.04), without worsening motor performance. A lower but not statistically significant voice variability and instability and percentage of stuttering disfluencies was also observed. The beneficial effect of 30PW detected by automatic analysis, was confirmed by patients’ perception. Conclusions: STN-DBS treated patients experiencing low speech intelligibility may benefit from a 30PW stimulation trial at a higher amplitude. Deep characterization of PD speech profiles may help in a better application of recent DBS hardware advances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-134
Number of pages5
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Dysarthria
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Short-pulse width

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology

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