Human pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAM) from normal subjects, unlike peripheral blood monocytes (PBM), are unable to migrate in response to various chemoattractants, such as C5a, f-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP) and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Inflammatory PAM obtained from sarcoid patients also failed to exhibit a chemotactic response. Binding studies using [3H]PDBU demonstrate high affinity receptors for phorbol esters on PAM surface, in a comparable amount (1.5-2.4 × 106 receptors/cell) to PBM (8-15 × 105 receptors/cell). Moreover, PAM were comparable to PBM in terms of superoxide anion (O-2) release in response to PMA. Therefore, the defective locomotory response of PAM cannot be accounted for by lack of chemoattractant receptors, at least for phorbol esters. Worthy of note, PMA receptors on PAM are able to transduce activating signals for O-2 generation. These findings show that competence for chemotaxis is heterogeneously distributed among mononuclear phagocytes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine