The ability of a mannoprotein antigen from Candida albicans (MP) or interleukin-2 (IL-2) to induce cytokines in cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of glioma patients and healthy controls was evaluated by mRNA expression and by protein secretion. The subjects studied were all responsive to both MP and IL-2, as assayed by lymphoproliferation of PBMC cultures. In control subjects, MP and IL-2 were strong inducers of IFN- γ, IL-1β, TNF-α, and GM-CSF mRNA expression, but only MP was able to induce considerable levels of IL-6 and IL-2 mRNA expression. In MP-activated PBMC from glioma subjects, a highly defective IFN-γ, together with a significant reduction in TNF-α and GM-CSF mRNA expression, was observed. This impairment was paralleled by a decreased accumulation of IL-6 and IL-2 mRNA. The pattern of cytokine mRNAs in IL-2-activated PBMC of glioma patients confirmed the impairment of IFN-γ mRNA expression paralleled by a reduction in IL-6, TNF-α and GM-CSF mRNA, compared with healthy subjects. Coherently, in PBMC cultures from glioma patients, there was a clear-cut decrease in the secretion of IL-6 and TNF-α and especially of IFN-γ compared with healthy controls. No or very low levels of IL-4, IL-10, and TGF-β2 mRNA expression were detected in PBMC cultures of both glioma and control populations, irrespective of the activation conditions. Considering the cytokine network and the key, pivotal role played by IFN-γ in the activation of antitumor cytotoxicity, we suggest that a defective IFN-γ production can be a key immunologic defect in glioma patients.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology