In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), tissue damage is driven by an excessive immune response, poorly controlled by counter-regulatory mechanisms. SIRT1, a class III NAD+-dependent deacetylase, regulates negatively the expression of various proteins involved in the control of immune-inflammatory pathways, such as Stat3, Smad7, and NF-κB. Here we examined the expression, regulation, and function of SIRT1 in IBD. SIRT1 RNA and protein expression was less pronounced in whole biopsies and lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMCs) of IBD patients in comparison with normal controls. SIRT1 expression was downregulated in control LPMC by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-21, and upregulated in IBD LPMC by neutralizing TNF-α and IL-21antibodies. Consistently, SIRT1 expression was increased in mucosal samples taken from IBD patients successfully treated with Infliximab. Treatment of IBD LPMC with Cay10591, a specific SIRT1 activator, reduced NF-κB activation and inhibited inflammatory cytokine synthesis, whereas Ex527, an inhibitor of SIRT1, increased interferon (IFN)-γ in control LPMC. SIRT1 was also reduced in mice with colitis induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid or oxazolone. Cay10591 prevented and cured experimental colitis whereas Ex527 exacerbated disease by modulating T cell-derived cytokine response. Data indicate that SIRT1 is downregulated in IBD patients and colitic mice and suggest that SIRT1 activation can help attenuate inflammatory signals in the gut.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy