Defective human retinoblastoma protein identified by lack of interaction with the E1A oncoprotein

Marco G. Paggi, Fabio Martelli, Maurizio Fanciulli, Armando Felsani, Salvatore Sciacchitano, Marco Varmi, Tiziana Bruno, Carmine M. Carapella, Aristide Floridi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inactivating mutations of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene (Rb) are involved in the pathogenesis of hereditary and sporadic retinoblastoma. Alterations in the Rb gene have also been found in several other human tumors occurring with epidemiological incidence higher than that of retinoblastoma. Four human malignant glioma cell lines were examined for abnormalities in the retinoblastoma gene product (pRb), using a procedure based on the interaction of pRb with an in vitro-translated adenovirus E1A oncoprotein. In the CRS-A2 cell line, derived from a glioblastoma multiforme, pRb did not bind with the in vitro-translated E1A protein. Restriction analysis of the CRS-A2 Rb gene and Rb mRNA expression provided patterns that could not be distinguished from the other glioma cell lines. Further investigation revealed the presence of a truncated pRb in the CRS-A2 cell line, due to a nucleotide insertion in the coding sequence at position 2550. In addition, this truncated Rb protein was indetectable in phosphorylated form. The binding assay with the in vitro- translated E1A was also used to study other cell lines with known mutations in the Rb gene. This method, which evaluates the interaction between in vitro-translated E1A and the pRb, is proposed as a rapid screening for detecting functional alterations in the retinoblastoma protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1098-1104
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Volume54
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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