Defective interferon-γ production in ataxia-telangiectasia

R. Paganelli, M. R. Capobianchi, P. M. Matricardi, L. Cioè, R. Seminara, F. Dianzani, F. Aiuti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The in vitro production of interferon-α and -γ (IFN) by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from four patients with ataxia-telangiectasia was compared to that of healthy controls. Normal values of IFN-α were obtained in all cases. However, patients with ataxiatelangiectasia showed a great reduction or absence of IFN-γ production after induction with either staphylococcal enterotoxin B or galactose oxidase. This defect was accompanied by the absence of secretion of another lymphokine, namely, interleukin 2 (IL-2), in one case. Lymphoproliferative response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) was severely depressed in all patients. Near normal values of T lymphocytes were found, but the ratio of OKT4+ OKT8+ subsets was reduced in most patients, due to a decrease of OKT4+ lymphocytes. Deficiency of IFN-γ may contribute to the abnormalities of immune functions and immunoregulation observed in ataxia-teleangiectasia, and it may represent an additional cause of the high incidence of viral infections and neoplasia in this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-391
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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