Defective targeting of hemojuvelin to plasma membrane is a common pathogenetic mechanism in juvenile hemochromatosis

Laura Silvestri, Alessia Pagani, Claudia Fazi, Gianmario Gerardi, Sonia Levi, Paolo Arosio, Clara Camaschella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hemojuvelin (HJV) positively modulates the iron regulator hepcidin, and its mutations are the major cause of juvenile hemochromatosis (JH), a recessive disease leading to iron overload. Defective HJV reduces hepcidin up-regulation both in humans and in Hjv-deficient mice. To investigate the JH pathogenesis and the functional properties of human HJV we studied the biosynthesis and maturation of 6 HJV pathogenic mutants in HeLa and HepG2 cells. We show that proteolytic processing is defective in mutants F170S, W191C, and G320V, but not in G99V and C119F. Moreover, we show that mutants G99V and C119F are targeted to the cell surface, while F170S, W191C, G320V, and R326X (lacking the glycosilphosphatidylinositol [GPI] anchor) are mainly retained in the endoplasmic reticulum, although all mutants are released as soluble forms (s-HJV) in a proportion that is modulated by iron supplementation. Membrane HJV (m-HJV) is mainly composed of the cleaved protein, and its level is increased by iron in wild-type (WT) mice but not in the mutants. Altogether, the data demonstrate that the loss of HJV membrane export is central to the pathogenesis of JH, and that HJV cleavage is essential for the export. The results support a dual function for s- and m-HJV in iron deficiency and overload, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4503-4510
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume109
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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