In this study, T or NK cell clones used as antigen-presenting cells (T- or NK-APC) were shown to be significantly less efficient than professional APC in inducing Th1 and Th2 cytokines by antigen-specific T cell clones. This phenomenon was not related to a limited engagement of TCR by T-APC, since comparable thresholds of TCR down-regulation were shown when antigen was presented by either T-APC or professional APC. Rather, the stimulatory T-APC weakness was due to their inability, because they are CD40-, to provide the appropriate co-stimuli to responder T cells both indirectly via IL-12, and partially via direct CD40L triggering on T cells. Indeed, the simultaneous addition of IL-12 and reagents directly engaging CD40L on responder T cells restored T cell cytokine synthesis when antigen was presented by T-APC. In addition, either IL-12 production or blocking of T cell cytokine synthesis by anti-IL-12 p75 antibodies was evident only when professional APC were used in our antigen-specific system. The down-regulation of cytokine synthesis in the system of T-T cell presentation could represent a novel mechanism of immune regulation, which may intervene to switch off detrimental Th1- or Th2-mediated responses induced by antigen presentation among activated T cells infiltrating inflamed tissues.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1998|
- Antigen presentation
- Co-stimulatory molecules
ASJC Scopus subject areas