Deficiencies in product labelling instructions and quality control directions for 99mTc radiopharmaceuticals

Federica E. Buroni, Lorenzo Lodola, Marco G. Persico, Carlo Aprile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify deficiencies in product labelling instructions for reconstitution and in the quality control directions detailed in the technical leaflets (TLs) or summary product characteristic (SPC) sheets of commonly used technetium labelling cold kits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The reconstitution and quality control directions in 25 TLs/SPCs were evaluated to identify deficiencies, incompleteness, restrictions, errors, impracticability, and vagueness. In addition, their congruence with the statements given in the relative European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur. VII ed.) monography and diagnostic reference levels of Directive 97/43/EURATOM was evaluated. RESULTS: Deficiencies in information were scored and classified into five categories: 1, absent or incomplete; 2, restrictive; 3, inconsistent or wrong; 4, impractical; and 5, vague. In the 25 documents analyzed a total of 141 deficiencies were found (corresponding to 40.2% of the total scores assigned), and more frequently they pertained to quality control procedures (70.9%), followed by those related to quantitative composition (14.9%), preparation (8.5%), and particle size (5.7%). Nearly 80% of these deficiencies were classified as type 1-that is, absent or incomplete information. CONCLUSION: The indications in TLs and SPCs should provide useful information for maintaining the quality and purity of the radiopharmaceutical preparation and ensure the safety level and effectiveness required by law. However, the instructions are often suboptimal or even erroneous, and consequently there are countless failures or difficulties, which represent an impediment to good laboratory practice. We believe that a 'smart' review of radiopharmaceutical documentation would be beneficial in order to align these indications to the real needs of the operators involved in routine in-house nuclear medicine practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014


  • European pharmacopoeia
  • preparation process
  • quality control
  • radiopharmaceuticals
  • summary product characteristics
  • technical leaflet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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