Degradation of cells dying by apoptosis leads to accumulation of ε(γ-glutamyl)lysine isodipeptide in culture fluid and blood

Laszlo Fesus, Edit Tarcsa, Noemi Kedei, Francesco Autuori, Mauro Piacentini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


ε(γ-Glutamyl)lysine isodipeptide, the end-product of proteolytic digestion of proteins cross-linked by transglutaminase, was detected in culture fluid of neonatal rat hepatocytes and plasma of adult rats. The concentration of the isodipeptide was significantly increased in both when high rate of apoptosis with phagocytosis of dying hepatocytes was produced either by epidermal growth factor in the culture or by lead nitrate-induced hyperplasia with subsequent involution in rats. Specific induction of tissue transglutaminase and the consequent formation of highly cross-linked protein envelopes in apoptotic cells have been previously demonstrated by us in both systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-112
Number of pages4
JournalFEBS Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 17 1991



  • Apoptosis
  • Hepatocyte
  • Isodipeptide
  • Phagocytosis
  • Transglutaminase
  • ε(γ-glutamyl)lysine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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