ε(γ-Glutamyl)lysine isodipeptide, the end-product of proteolytic digestion of proteins cross-linked by transglutaminase, was detected in culture fluid of neonatal rat hepatocytes and plasma of adult rats. The concentration of the isodipeptide was significantly increased in both when high rate of apoptosis with phagocytosis of dying hepatocytes was produced either by epidermal growth factor in the culture or by lead nitrate-induced hyperplasia with subsequent involution in rats. Specific induction of tissue transglutaminase and the consequent formation of highly cross-linked protein envelopes in apoptotic cells have been previously demonstrated by us in both systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology