Synaptojanin 1 is a polyphosphoinositide phosphatase implicated in synaptic vesicle recycling. We used FM1-43 imaging and electron microscopy in cultured cortical neurons from control and synaptojanin 1 knockout mice to study how the absence of this protein affects specific steps of the synaptic vesicle cycle. Exo/endocytosis after a moderate stimulus was unchanged. However, during prolonged stimulation, the regeneration of fusion-competent synaptic vesicles was severely impaired. In stimulated nerve terminals, there was a persistent accumulation of clathrin-coated vesicles and a backup of newly reformed vesicles in the cytomatrix-rich area around the synaptic vesicle cluster. These findings demonstrate that synaptojanin 1 function is needed for the progression of recycling vesicles to the functional synaptic vesicle pool.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 24 2002|
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