A newborn boy with complex congenital heart disease, unilateral renal agenesis, and hypocalcemia was found to have a submicroscopic deletion of 22q11.2 (DiGeorge anomaly). In evaluating the pathogenesis of the hypocalcemia, repeatedly elevated or normal levels of parathyroid hormone were found, consistent with a diagnosis of pseudohypoparathyroidism. Pseudohypoparathyroidism can be due to mutation of a GTP binding protein (Gs- α protein) located on chromosome 20. Since there is another G protein locus (Gz alpha) adjacent to the DiGeorge critical region of chromosome 22, we hypothesized that a more extensive deletion may lead to pseudohypoparathyroidism. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed using a probe containing the Gz alpha gene, but no deletion was detected. This patient emphasizes the importance of determining the pathogenesis of the hypocalcemia in cases of DiGeorge anomaly.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||American Journal of Medical Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 3 1997|
- DiGeorge anomaly
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