Background and Aims: Deletions at chromosome 1p have been observed frequently in human colorectal adenocarcinomas, suggesting that loss of genes in this chromosome arm is relevant for tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 1p deletions are already present in adenomas within selected foci of dysplasia and early cancer using two-color fluorescence in situ hybridization. Methods: Fifty-one sectors characterized by low- and high-grade dysplasia and early cancer were microdissected from 34 adenomas, and isolated epithelial nuclei were subjected to hybridization with probes to the telomeric and centromeric regions of chromosome 1. Results: Deletions of 1p were detected in 13 of 34 adenomas (38%). In particular, low/moderate and high dysplasia and foci of early cancer had 1p deletion frequencies of 31%, 44%, and 50%, respectively. Conclusions: Compared with classic cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization seems to be a particularly useful methodology to detect 1p deletions in human colorectal adenomas. The present findings indicate that loss of genes from the 1p chromosome arm may play an important role during the early steps of the colorectal carcinogenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas