Deletions at chromosome 1p by fluorescence in situ hybridization are an early event in human colorectal tumorigenesis

A. Di Vinci, E. Infusini, C. Peveri, M. Risio, F. P. Rossini, W. Giaretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Aims: Deletions at chromosome 1p have been observed frequently in human colorectal adenocarcinomas, suggesting that loss of genes in this chromosome arm is relevant for tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 1p deletions are already present in adenomas within selected foci of dysplasia and early cancer using two-color fluorescence in situ hybridization. Methods: Fifty-one sectors characterized by low- and high-grade dysplasia and early cancer were microdissected from 34 adenomas, and isolated epithelial nuclei were subjected to hybridization with probes to the telomeric and centromeric regions of chromosome 1. Results: Deletions of 1p were detected in 13 of 34 adenomas (38%). In particular, low/moderate and high dysplasia and foci of early cancer had 1p deletion frequencies of 31%, 44%, and 50%, respectively. Conclusions: Compared with classic cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization seems to be a particularly useful methodology to detect 1p deletions in human colorectal adenomas. The present findings indicate that loss of genes from the 1p chromosome arm may play an important role during the early steps of the colorectal carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalGastroenterology
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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Chromosome Deletion
Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
Adenoma
Carcinogenesis
Chromosomes
Neoplasms
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1
Cytogenetics
Genes
Adenocarcinoma
Color
Monosomy 1p Chromosome 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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Deletions at chromosome 1p by fluorescence in situ hybridization are an early event in human colorectal tumorigenesis. / Di Vinci, A.; Infusini, E.; Peveri, C.; Risio, M.; Rossini, F. P.; Giaretti, W.

In: Gastroenterology, Vol. 111, No. 1, 1996, p. 102-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Di Vinci, A. ; Infusini, E. ; Peveri, C. ; Risio, M. ; Rossini, F. P. ; Giaretti, W. / Deletions at chromosome 1p by fluorescence in situ hybridization are an early event in human colorectal tumorigenesis. In: Gastroenterology. 1996 ; Vol. 111, No. 1. pp. 102-107.
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abstract = "Background and Aims: Deletions at chromosome 1p have been observed frequently in human colorectal adenocarcinomas, suggesting that loss of genes in this chromosome arm is relevant for tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 1p deletions are already present in adenomas within selected foci of dysplasia and early cancer using two-color fluorescence in situ hybridization. Methods: Fifty-one sectors characterized by low- and high-grade dysplasia and early cancer were microdissected from 34 adenomas, and isolated epithelial nuclei were subjected to hybridization with probes to the telomeric and centromeric regions of chromosome 1. Results: Deletions of 1p were detected in 13 of 34 adenomas (38{\%}). In particular, low/moderate and high dysplasia and foci of early cancer had 1p deletion frequencies of 31{\%}, 44{\%}, and 50{\%}, respectively. Conclusions: Compared with classic cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization seems to be a particularly useful methodology to detect 1p deletions in human colorectal adenomas. The present findings indicate that loss of genes from the 1p chromosome arm may play an important role during the early steps of the colorectal carcinogenesis.",
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AU - Di Vinci, A.

AU - Infusini, E.

AU - Peveri, C.

AU - Risio, M.

AU - Rossini, F. P.

AU - Giaretti, W.

PY - 1996

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N2 - Background and Aims: Deletions at chromosome 1p have been observed frequently in human colorectal adenocarcinomas, suggesting that loss of genes in this chromosome arm is relevant for tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 1p deletions are already present in adenomas within selected foci of dysplasia and early cancer using two-color fluorescence in situ hybridization. Methods: Fifty-one sectors characterized by low- and high-grade dysplasia and early cancer were microdissected from 34 adenomas, and isolated epithelial nuclei were subjected to hybridization with probes to the telomeric and centromeric regions of chromosome 1. Results: Deletions of 1p were detected in 13 of 34 adenomas (38%). In particular, low/moderate and high dysplasia and foci of early cancer had 1p deletion frequencies of 31%, 44%, and 50%, respectively. Conclusions: Compared with classic cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization seems to be a particularly useful methodology to detect 1p deletions in human colorectal adenomas. The present findings indicate that loss of genes from the 1p chromosome arm may play an important role during the early steps of the colorectal carcinogenesis.

AB - Background and Aims: Deletions at chromosome 1p have been observed frequently in human colorectal adenocarcinomas, suggesting that loss of genes in this chromosome arm is relevant for tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 1p deletions are already present in adenomas within selected foci of dysplasia and early cancer using two-color fluorescence in situ hybridization. Methods: Fifty-one sectors characterized by low- and high-grade dysplasia and early cancer were microdissected from 34 adenomas, and isolated epithelial nuclei were subjected to hybridization with probes to the telomeric and centromeric regions of chromosome 1. Results: Deletions of 1p were detected in 13 of 34 adenomas (38%). In particular, low/moderate and high dysplasia and foci of early cancer had 1p deletion frequencies of 31%, 44%, and 50%, respectively. Conclusions: Compared with classic cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization seems to be a particularly useful methodology to detect 1p deletions in human colorectal adenomas. The present findings indicate that loss of genes from the 1p chromosome arm may play an important role during the early steps of the colorectal carcinogenesis.

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