Delivery delay with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for cervical cancer patients during pregnancy: A series of nine cases and literature review

Robert Fruscio, Annalisa Villa, Stefania Chiari, Patrizia Vergani, Lorenzo Ceppi, Federica Dell'Orto, Tiziana Dell'Anna, Valentina Chiappa, Cristina Maria Bonazzi, Rodolfo Milani, Costantino Mangioni, Anna Locatelli

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Abstract

Objective: Treatment of locally invasive cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy in women who desire to retain their pregnancy is a major challenge to physicians. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical hysterectomy has been reported to be an attractive option to delay delivery until fetal viability has been reached. Methods: Between 1994 and 2009 9 patients were treated at San Gerardo Hospital (Monza, Italy) for cervical cancer during pregnancy. Results: FIGO stage was IB1 in four patients and IB2 in five. Tumor diameter ranged between 20 and 70 mm. After neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy partial response was achieved in 5 patients, while 4 had a stable disease. One patient received a second-line chemotherapy during pregnancy due to progressive disease, achieving a partial response. Median duration of therapy delay until cesarean section was 16 weeks. Between 30 and 36 weeks of gestation all patients underwent cesarean section. Piver II radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed. Two children had mild perinatal morbidities and were discharged in good conditions after 14 and 40 days. Three patients received adjuvant therapy for pathological risk factors. Four patients relapsed (44%) and two of them (23%) died because of tumor progression. Conclusion: During pregnancy, the oncological outcome of cervical cancer patients is similar to non-pregnant ones. Chemotherapy does not seem to affect fetal health and development, even if longer follow-up is required. Therefore, neoadjuvant chemotherapy for the treatment of locally invasive cervical cancer during pregnancy seems to be a reasonable option for delay definitive treatment until fetal viability is obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-197
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

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Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology

Cite this

Fruscio, R., Villa, A., Chiari, S., Vergani, P., Ceppi, L., Dell'Orto, F., Dell'Anna, T., Chiappa, V., Bonazzi, C. M., Milani, R., Mangioni, C., & Locatelli, A. (2012). Delivery delay with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for cervical cancer patients during pregnancy: A series of nine cases and literature review. Gynecologic Oncology, 126(2), 192-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2012.04.027