Axillary artery has been proposed as a safe and effective alternative for arterial cannulation in surgical procedures involving ascending aorta and/or aortic arch, and is nowadays the site of choice in many centres. Advantages of axillary artery cannulation include antegrade flow and the possibility of selective mono-hemispherical brain perfusion during circulatory arrest. Experiences with the axillary vein cannulation, however, are scarce. Here we report our preliminary experience with axillo-axillary cardiopulmonary bypass, through both axillary artery and vein cannulation (using echo-guided Seldinger technique) at deltoido-pectoralis groove. We have used such an approach in 5 cases of redo surgery on ascending aorta and we have not had any inconvenience during cardiopulmonary bypass. Full flow was maintained in all patients (in 2 with vacuum assisted drainage) including 2 cases with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. In conclusion such an approach seems to be feasible and effective and can be safely performed providing that accurate TE echo monitoring is provided.
- Axillary artery
- Axillary vein
- Cardiopulmonary bypass
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine