Dendritic reticulum cell-related immunostaining for laminin in follicular and diffuse B-cell lymphomas

Annunziata Gloghini, Antonino Carbone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We performed a comparative immunohisto-cytochemical study of the distribution patterns of laminin and follicular dendritic reticulum cells (DRCs) within their follicular microenvironment in both nodular or diffuse B-cell non Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs). Twenty nine cases of immunophenotypically diagnosed B-cell NHLs (19 of follicular center cell origin-FCCL- and 10 of the diffuse well differentiated lymphocytic type-WDLL-) and five reactive lymph nodes with follicular hyperplasia were analyzed by immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescence techniques. Serial frozen sections and cytospin preparations were tested either with single antibodies anti laminin and DRC-1, or paired reagents in double labeling immunofluorescence. Our results indicated consistently that within both the reactive germinal centers and the neoplastic nodules of FCCL laminin immunostaining visualized a punctate-granular pattern apart from the linear vascular basement membrane positivity. Double immunofluorescence assay demonstrated that there was a close parallelism between this laminin staining pattern and DRC-1 distribution showing a well developed DRCs meshwork; in the diffuse tumour areas of both FCCL and WDLL, laminin immunoreactivity was found only in those cases in which nests of DRCs were observed. Double immunofluorescence studies performed on cytospin preparations demonstrated that the groups of cells containing DRC-1 positive cells, contained a positivity for laminin, although within the cell the staining for DRC-1 was intense and diffuse, while that for laminin was granular and more sparse. Our results suggested that these laminin and DRC-1 positive reactive sites may be present on the same cells. Since the reduction in number or loss of both DRCs and their related immunostaining for laminin within the microenvironment was consistently associated with a loss of nodularity by lymphoma cells, whereas nodularity in reactive and neoplastic conditions was associated with a rich DRCs meshwork and the related laminin immunostaining, a trapping function of DRCs exercised in the presence of laminin should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalVirchows Archiv A Pathological Anatomy and Histopathology
Volume416
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1990

Keywords

  • B-cell lymphoma
  • Basement membrane
  • Follicular dendritic reticulum cell
  • Immunofluorescence
  • Immunohistology
  • Laminin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Anatomy

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