Denosumab in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and diabetes: Subgroup analysis of FREEDOM and FREEDOM extension

Serge Ferrari, Richard Eastell, Nicola Napoli, Ann Schwartz, Lorenz C. Hofbauer, Arkadi Chines, Andrea Wang, Nico Pannacciulli, Steven R. Cummings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Diabetes and osteoporosis occur frequently in older adults and are both associated with increased fracture risk. Denosumab treatment reduced new vertebral, nonvertebral, and hip fractures over 3 years, with continued low fracture incidence for up to 10 years in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. However, its effects in diabetic subjects with osteoporosis have not yet been investigated. Methods: Post hoc analysis of the 3-year, placebo-controlled FREEDOM study and 7-year Extension included postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and diabetes. Effects on BMD, vertebral, and nonvertebral fracture incidence were evaluated. Results: Of 7808 subjects in FREEDOM, 508 with diabetes received denosumab (n = 266) or placebo (n = 242). Among those, BMD increased significantly with denosumab versus placebo in FREEDOM, and continued to increase during the Extension in long-term (continuing denosumab) and crossover (placebo to denosumab) denosumab subjects. In FREEDOM, denosumab-treated subjects with diabetes had significantly lower new vertebral fracture rates (1.6%) versus placebo (8.0%) (RR: 0.20 [95% CI 0.07–0.61]; p = .001). Nonvertebral fracture incidence was higher with denosumab (11.7%) versus placebo (5.9%) (HR: 1.94 [95% CI 1.00–3.77]; p = .046), although there were fewer hip fractures with denosumab (World Health Organization, 2017 [1]) than placebo (4; nonsignificant). During the first 3 years in FREEDOM Extension, new vertebral and nonvertebral fracture incidences were low in long-term and crossover denosumab diabetic groups (≤6%), consistent with the overall Extension population; yearly nonvertebral fracture incidence was comparable to the FREEDOM placebo group. Conclusion: Denosumab significantly increased BMD and decreased vertebral fracture risk in subjects with osteoporosis and diabetes. No reduction in nonvertebral fractures was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115268
JournalBone
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical trials
  • Diseases and disorders of/related to bone osteoporosis
  • Therapeutics antiresorptive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Histology

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