Denosumab: non-surgical treatment option for selective arterial embolization resistant aneurysmal bone cyst of the spine and sacrum. Case report

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC) is a cystic lesion of bone, occurring in 70% of cases as a primary lesion. Even if the metaphyseal region of long bones is more frequently involved, vertebral localization is not rare: ABC represents 15% of all primary spine and sacral tumours. Selective arterial embolization (SAE) represents the first treatment option for vertebral ABC. However, in few cases, multiple SAEs are not possible. The aim of this work is to report two cases of vertebral ABC unresponsive to SAE positively treated with Denosumab.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two patients affected by ABC of the lumbar spine were treated by SAE without any response. Thus, the patients were submitted to an off-label treatment with Denosumab, following the same protocol already used in case of Giant Cell Tumour (GCT): 120 mg once a week for 4 weeks consecutively, then once every 40 days.

RESULTS: In both cases, patients resulted to be pain-free after 11-13 Denosumab administrations and CT scan showed almost complete ossification of the lesions.

CONCLUSIONS: The two cases reported here are not conclusive but they may support the project of a prospective study to confirm the effectiveness of Denosumab in ABC treatment as an alternative to SAE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3692-3695
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume20
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Aneurysmal bone cyst
  • Spine
  • Selective arterial embolization (SAE)
  • Denosumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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