OBJECTIVES: The average age of world populations has been growing almost continuously for several decades. Medical therapies, positive socio-economic conditions and the adoption of quality lifestyles are certainly the main factors contributing to this increase. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From the dental point of view, oral health has also seen a marked improvement over the past years, with a notable reduction in epidemiological indices for diseases such as dental caries and periodontitis. From a statistical point of view, however, this means that over the next few years, dental practices will be dealing with an increasing number of elderly patients, who will also present a higher number of their own teeth in respect to present times. RESULTS: If a tooth lingers more in the oral cavity of the patient, it will meet all the diseases related to its prolonged use, especially abrasions, erosions, fractures, root dental caries. However, the tissues of a tooth of an elderly subject has very peculiar histomorphological characteristics, and its mechanical behavior is very different from that of a young tooth, which is more elastic and repairable. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary that the professional knows all typical pathologies of the dental elements of an elderly subject, the limits to therapeutic treatments, the possible interferences of the commonly used pharmacological therapies and the behavior over time of the treatments performed, compared to the younger patients, if he wants to avoid early failure of the therapies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery