OBJECTIVES Dental care has always been one of the most common dental procedures in pediatric age. On the one hand, factors such as eating habits and the (often) poor attitude for oral hygiene performed by small patients contribute more, in this age group, to plaque accumulation and to the formation of carious lesion. On the other hand, the presence of risk factors such as the presence of a mixed dentition or fixed and mobile orthodontic appliances make hygiene maneuvers more difficult and increase the tendency for dem-ineralization. MATERIALS AND METHODS An analysis of bibliography has been completed in order to evaluate most common approaches to pediatric patients. The World Health Organization (WHO) put many efforts for years in aiming at a drastic reduction in childhood caries, and this requires a synergy between all the professionals involved in the health of the patient, preferring preventive approaches even more than dealing with developed lesions. Many steps forward have been made over the years by national governments, and in Italy there are clear clinical guidelines to help professionals in a correct approach to pediatric patients. RESULTS The analysis of guidelines suggests prophylactic and preventive measures that are easy to apply and are indicated for all pediatric subjects. The identification of risk factors leads to appropriate therapies and the correct choice of materials to be used. CONCLUSIONS Identifying risk subjects is one of the key steps in the pediatric patient, as it can heavily affect the choice of material, recall periods, or even the ideal time to undertake a treatment. A mistake in a treatment in pediatric age can cost the loss of deciduous and permanent teeth, resulting in a lifetime damage to patient's smile.
|Translated title of the contribution||Dental caries in pediatric age: Considerations for an always effective treatment plan|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery