Depression and school functioning in non-referred adolescents: A pilot study

Gabriele Masi, Barbara Sbrana, Paola Poli, Francesco Tomaiuolo, Letizia Favilla, Mara Marcheschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Self-image and self-perceived competencies have been considered to be related to depression in childhood and adolescence. Data from literature points to school functioning as one of the most important factors in self- esteem and self-worth during adolescence. Academic self image, defined as the way adolescents represent themselves as students, directly affects the global self-image; for this reason it has important psychopathological implications. The major aim of this preliminary report is to specifically analyze the relationship between academic self-image (assessed with a specific questionnaire), and self-reported depressive symptoms (assessed with the Children's Depression Inventory) in a school sample 150 adolescents. Our data indicate that the emotional beliefs about schooling and learning were significantly related to depressive symptomatology. Females scored higher in CDI and school anxiety. A real school failure did not affect the academic self image. These data seem to suggest that different components of the academic self-image can be differently associated with depressive feelings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-171
Number of pages11
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Adolescence
  • Depression
  • School Functioning
  • Self-Image

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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