Depressive symptoms, neurocognitive impairment, and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected persons

Adriana Ammassari, Andrea Antinori, Maria Stella Aloisi, Maria Paola Trotta, Rita Murri, Luca Bartoli, Antonella D'Arminio Monforte, Albert W. Wu, Fabrizio Starace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The association of depressive symptoms, neurocognitive impairment, and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was evaluated in 135 HIV-infected persons. Thirty percent reported nonadherence to HAART. Depressive symptoms (assessed with the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale) and neurocognitive impairment (assessed with a neuropsychological test battery) were documented in 24% and 12%, respectively, of the study participants. Nonadherence to HAART was independently associated with worse depression rating scale scores (odds ratio = 1.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.00-1.10), acquisition of HIV through injection of drugs (odds ratio = 2.59, 95% CI = 1.05-6.39), and complaints about impairment of sexual activity (odds ratio = 6.62, 95% CI = 1.16-37.6). The presence of depressive symptoms, but not neurocognitive impairment, was associated with nonadherence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)394-402
Number of pages9
JournalPsychosomatics
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

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