Description of a novel Janus kinase 3 P132A mutation in acute megakaryoblastic leukemia and demonstration of previously reported Janus kinase 3 mutations in normal subjects

Ludovica Riera, Elena Lasorsa, Lisa Bonello, Francesca Sismondi, Fabrizio Tondat, Cristiana Di Bello, Paola Francia Di Celle, Roberto Chiarle, Laura Godio, Achille Pich, Fabio Facchetti, Maurilio Ponzoni, Filippo Marmont, Carlo Zanon, Alberto Bardelli, Giorgio Inghirami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gain-of-function (GOF) mutations of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) are frequently seen in myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs). Meanwhile, JAK3 activating substitutions have been found in a few megakaryocytic cell lines and in primary myeloid leukemia (AMKL). Here, we sought to discover novel leukemogenetic mutations in de novo acute myeloid leukemia of non-Down syndrome (N-DS) by DNA sequencing. A total of 191 normal Caucasian individuals were studied to define single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the JH2 and JH6 domains. Although known activating substitutions were observed in rare cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (V722I [2/134] or P132T [1/119]), all samples were wild-type (WT) for the oncogenic A572V (119/119). Interestingly, a novel homozygous mutation (P132A) was discovered in a patient with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia and in vivo studies demonstrated that its ectopic expression was oncogenic in a mouse xenotransplant model. This study defines a novel JAK3 mutation among patients with N-DS AML and demonstrates that normal individuals can also display germline JAK3 substitutions, previously proven to have oncogenic properties, in vitro and in vivo. The discovery of these substitutions in normal donors encourages future studies to define new risk factors among patients with MPDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1742-1750
Number of pages9
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume52
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • AML
  • Janus kinase
  • mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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