Design, development and testing of a lightweight and compact locking mechanism for a passive knee prosthesis

J. Geeroms, L. Flynn, R. Jimenez-Fabian, B. Vanderborght, Nicola Vitiello, D. Lefeber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In knee prosthetics and orthotics, there is the need to have a change in stiffness within the gait cycle. Doing this using a locking mechanism requires locking high forces using a small amount of energy. This paper presents a novel compact and light-weight locking mechanism which combines a ratchetand- pawl and a singular position locking mechanism. It is used as a lock in a passive knee prosthesis and allows a change in compliance of the joint. The mechanism is transparent during the swing phase, allowing the joint to flex, and during the weight acceptance phase it provides the same stiffness as a natural knee joint. It is explained that this high stiffness characteristic can be approximated by a linear spring put in parallel with the knee joint. The mechanism uses a small servo motor to unlock the ratchet, other than this the operation is fully passive. The prosthesis has been tested during walking tests with amputee test subjects. The passive knee prosthesis is part of the CYBERLEGs-Project.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication"2014 5th IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2014
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages1016-1021
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781479931262
Publication statusPublished - Sep 30 2014
Event5th IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2014 - Sao Paulo, Brazil
Duration: Aug 12 2014Aug 15 2014

Other

Other5th IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2014
CountryBrazil
CitySao Paulo
Period8/12/148/15/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Geeroms, J., Flynn, L., Jimenez-Fabian, R., Vanderborght, B., Vitiello, N., & Lefeber, D. (2014). Design, development and testing of a lightweight and compact locking mechanism for a passive knee prosthesis. In "2014 5th IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2014 (pp. 1016-1021). [6913913] IEEE Computer Society.