Hemizygosity and homozygosity mapping studies show that many common sporadic cancers including lung, breast, kidney, cervical, ovarian, and head and neck cancer display deletions on the short arm of chromosome 3. For ovarian cancer, monochromosomal transfer suppression studies have identified three candidate regions for chromosome 3p ovarian cancer tumor suppressor genes (OCTSGs). To accurately map OCTSG candidate regions, we analyzed 70 ovarian tumors for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 20 loci on chromosome 3p that were selected to target those regions proposed to contain tumor suppressor genes for common sporadic cancers. All samples were informative for at least five markers. In 33 (52%) tumors without microsatellite instability, LOH was observed for at least one 3p marker. Analysis of 27 ovarian tumors demonstrating both loss and retention of 3p markers enabled us to define four nonoverlapping minimal deletion regions (OCLOHRs): (a) OCLOHR- 1 mapped distal to D3S3591 at 3p25-26; (b) OCLOHR-2 mapped between D3S1317 and D3S1259 at 3p24-25; (c) OCLOHR-3 mapped between D3S1300 and D3S1284, an area that includes the FHIT locus at 3p14.2; and (d) OCLOHR-4 mapped between D3S1284 and D3S1274 at 3p12-13, a region known to contain overlapping homozygous deletions in lung and breast tumor cell lines. However, microsatellite markers from the chromosome 3p21.3 interval homozygously deleted in lung cancer cell lines did not identify a distinct OCLOHR. The frequency and extent of 3p LOH correlated with tumor stage such that LOH at two or more OCLOHRs was present in 53% (16 of 30) of stage III tumors but only 26% (5 of 19) of stage I/II tumors (P = 0.08). To determine the relationship between the OCLOHRs and the three candidate ovarian cancer suppression regions (OCSRs) identified previously by monochromosome transfer studies, we performed detailed genetic and physical mapping studies to define the extent of the three candidate OCSRs and to establish YAC contigs covering each region. OCSR-A at 3p25-26 and OCSR-B at 3p24 were shown to overlap with OCLOHR-1 and OCLOHR-2, respectively, providing further evidence for OCTSGs in these regions. We also show that OCSR-C overlaps with a locus at 3p21.3 previously implicated in lung and breast cancer.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research