Detection, distribution, and pathologic significance of bk virus strains isolated from patients with kidney transplants, with and without polyomavirus-Associated nephropathy

Renzo Boldorini, Sara Allegrini, Umberto Miglio, Alessia Paganotti, Claudia Veggiani

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Abstract

Context.-BK virus strains or regulatory region sequence variations may play a role in the pathogenesis of polyoma- virus-associated nephropathy (PVAN), although no definite relationship has yet been demonstrated. Objective.-To investigate the pathologic significance of BK virus strains and regulatory region sequence variations. Design.-Eight (3.5%) of 226 patients with renal transplants developed PVAN; the remaining 218 cases were used as controls. From the patients who developed PVAN, 70 urine samples, 63 blood samples, and 17 renal biopsy samples were taken, and 682 urine samples, 677 blood samples, and 101 renal biopsy samples were taken from the control cases. Amplification and sequence analyses of regulatory region were obtained, and the sequences were analyzed using the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool program. Results.-The WWT strain was more frequently detected in PVAN cases than in the control cases (urine: 88.5% vs 22.1%; blood: 85.2% vs 40%; renal biopsies: 77.8% vs 0%), and the AS and WW strains were only isolated from controls. Strain 128-1 was frequently associated with JC virus coinfection in both groups (PVAN: 78.3%; controls: 98%). Major WWT rearrangements were detected in 29.6% of the urine samples, 30.4% of the blood samples, and one renal biopsy from the PVAN cases, but in only one urine sample from the controls. Insertion of 8 base pairs (P block) was found in all 128-1 strains; WW and AS were archetypal in 78.9% and 57.7% of the samples, respectively. Conclusions.-Although the study included only 8 PVAN cases, regulatory region sequence variations seem to be frequent and independent of the development of the disease, and the WWT strain seems more frequently related to the development of nephropathy than other strains..

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-774
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume133
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Medicine(all)

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