Detection of abnormal lesions recorded by capsule endoscopy. A prospective study comparing endoscopist's and nurse's accuracy

F. Bossa, G. Cocomazzi, M. R. Valvano, A. Andriulli, V. Annese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and study aim: Capsule endoscopy is a non-invasive technique for small bowel examination but its evaluation is time consuming. The aim of this study was to assess whether, following adequate training, an endoscopy nurse is capable of picking up all significant images without reducing the diagnostic accuracy of the procedure. Patients and methods: Between April 2003 and December 2004, a total of 41 consecutive capsule endoscopy studies were blindly reviewed by both an endoscopy nurse and an endoscopist. The two operators had to select all significant images independently and to complete a structured questionnaire. Thirty-nine capsule endoscopy examinations (two studies discharged for premature battery failure) were evaluated. The agreement between the two operators was calculated by kappa statistics (coefficient of agreement). Results: Agreement was excellent for all kind of selected lesions (mean κ > 0.85); the agreement was complete (κ = 1) for site identification, active bleeding, stenosis and negative studies. The greater disagreement (κ = 0.77) was found in cases of subtle mucosal abnormalities (i.e. reduction of villi), which were over-estimated by the nurse. Conclusions: The preview recordings made by the nurse may increase the cost/effectiveness of the study, by considerably reducing the time needed for the endoscopist to make the final report (about 5-10 min), without compromising final diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-602
Number of pages4
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

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Keywords

  • Capsule endoscopy
  • Kappa statistics
  • Nurse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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