Detection of an animal-derived G4P[6] group A rotavirus strain in a symptomatic child, in Italy

Giovanni Ianiro, Roberto Micolano, Michela Conte, Michele Labianca, Gabriele Vaccari, Marina Monini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

During 2017, a G4P[6] group A rotavirus strain was identified in the feces of an Italian child hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis in Southern Italy. Nucleotide sequencing of the 11 genomic segments, revealed the G4-P[6]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1 genotype constellation. Phylogenetic analyses of the gene segments investigated revealed high nucleotide sequence identities with G4P[6] RVA strains detected previously in pigs and in humans. The human strains related to the Italian G4P[6] were mainly reported from Asia, and were detected after an inter-species transmission event from swine. This study reports the genotyping and phylogenetic analysis of a G4P[6] RVA strain presenting a genomic constellation never detected before in Italy. In addition, this strain was able to cause AGE symptoms in a healthy child, successively hospitalized. The molecular characterization suggested zoonotic origin and inter-species transmission of this strain from swine, living open the possibility of its importation from abroad.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-11
Number of pages5
JournalVirus Research
Volume260
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2019

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Child
  • Feces/virology
  • Gastroenteritis/virology
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Viral/genetics
  • Rotavirus/classification
  • Rotavirus Infections/virology
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology
  • Zoonoses/virology

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