Detection of anti-HCV IgM antibodies in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with interferon

A. Picciotto, G. C. Icardi, E. Bardellini, P. Borro, S. Borzone, M. Pireddu, N. Sinelli, D. Pezzano, L. Orione, C. Di Giacomo, G. Marinucci, G. Celle

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the role of IgM antibodies to hepatitis C virus core protein (anti-HCV IgM) as a marker of chronic HCV infection and as a predictor of successful interferon (IFN) treatment. Design: Anti-HCV IgM levels were evaluated at baseline, during IFN therapy and during a follow-up period. Methods: Anti-HCV IgM levels were evaluated in 62 patients (47 men and 15 women, aged 25-65 years) with biopsy-proven chronic active hepatitis C. Fifty-one of the patients received α-IFN 3 MU three times a week for 6 months and 11 received the same therapy for 12 months. Twenty patients showed a long-term response; fourteen responded but subsequently suffered a relapse; twenty-eight did not respond to the treatment. Follow-up in all patients lasted for at least 6 (mean ± SD 9.8 ± 5.4, range 6-29) months after the end of the therapy. Results: Anti-HCV IgM were detected in 35 patients (56.4%) at baseline; no significant differences were observed between the three groups studied. Almost all members of the groups showing a relapse or no response remained positive at the end of therapy and follow-up. In contrast, we observed a progressive disappearance of anti-HCV IgM in patients responsive to interferon therapy over the long term. Conclusion: The loss of anti-HCV IgM positivity in patients positive at baseline can predict the long-term response to IFN therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-625
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume7
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Anti-HCV IgM
  • Chronic active hepatitis
  • Interferon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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    Picciotto, A., Icardi, G. C., Bardellini, E., Borro, P., Borzone, S., Pireddu, M., Sinelli, N., Pezzano, D., Orione, L., Di Giacomo, C., Marinucci, G., & Celle, G. (1995). Detection of anti-HCV IgM antibodies in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with interferon. European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 7(7), 623-625.