Detection of Liver Steatosis With a Novel Ultrasound-Based Technique: A Pilot Study Using MRI-Derived Proton Density Fat Fraction as the Gold Standard

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the value of attenuation imaging (ATI), a novel ultrasound technique for detection of steatosis, by comparing the results to that obtained with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and by using MRI-derived proton density fat fraction (PDFF) as reference standard. METHODS: From March to November 2018, 114 consecutive adult subjects potentially at risk of steatosis and 15 healthy controls were enrolled. Each subject underwent ATI and CAP assessment on the same day. MRI-PDFF was performed within a week. RESULTS: The prevalence of steatosis, as defined by MRI-PDFF ≥ 5%, was 70.7%. There was a high correlation of ATI with MRI-PDFF (r = 0.81, P < 0.0001). The correlation of CAP with MRI-PDFF and with ATI, respectively, was moderate (r = 0.65, P < 0.0001 and r = 0.61, P < 0.0001). The correlation of ATI or CAP with PDFF was not affected by age, gender, or body mass index. Area under the receiver operating characteristics of ATI and CAP, respectively, were 0.91 (0.84-0.95; P < 0.0001) and 0.85 (0.77-0.91; P < 0.0001) for detecting S > 0 steatosis (MRI-PDFF ≥ 5%); 0.95 (0.89-0.98; P < 0.0001) and 0.88 (0.81-0.93; P < 0.0001) for detecting S > 1 steatosis (MRI-PDFF ≥ 16.3%). The cutoffs of ATI and CAP, respectively, were 0.63 dB/cm/MHz and 258 dB/m for detecting S > 0 liver steatosis; 0.72 dB/cm/MHz and 304 dB/m for detecting S > 1 steatosis. ATI performed better than CAP, and this improvement was statistically significant for S > 1 (P = 0.04). DISCUSSION: This study shows that, in patients with no fibrosis/mild fibrosis, ATI is a very promising tool for the noninvasive assessment of steatosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e00081
JournalClinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

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Fatty Liver
Protons
Fats
Fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

@article{860d662377224d3087ad583b4bdde260,
title = "Detection of Liver Steatosis With a Novel Ultrasound-Based Technique: A Pilot Study Using MRI-Derived Proton Density Fat Fraction as the Gold Standard",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the value of attenuation imaging (ATI), a novel ultrasound technique for detection of steatosis, by comparing the results to that obtained with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and by using MRI-derived proton density fat fraction (PDFF) as reference standard. METHODS: From March to November 2018, 114 consecutive adult subjects potentially at risk of steatosis and 15 healthy controls were enrolled. Each subject underwent ATI and CAP assessment on the same day. MRI-PDFF was performed within a week. RESULTS: The prevalence of steatosis, as defined by MRI-PDFF ≥ 5{\%}, was 70.7{\%}. There was a high correlation of ATI with MRI-PDFF (r = 0.81, P < 0.0001). The correlation of CAP with MRI-PDFF and with ATI, respectively, was moderate (r = 0.65, P < 0.0001 and r = 0.61, P < 0.0001). The correlation of ATI or CAP with PDFF was not affected by age, gender, or body mass index. Area under the receiver operating characteristics of ATI and CAP, respectively, were 0.91 (0.84-0.95; P < 0.0001) and 0.85 (0.77-0.91; P < 0.0001) for detecting S > 0 steatosis (MRI-PDFF ≥ 5{\%}); 0.95 (0.89-0.98; P < 0.0001) and 0.88 (0.81-0.93; P < 0.0001) for detecting S > 1 steatosis (MRI-PDFF ≥ 16.3{\%}). The cutoffs of ATI and CAP, respectively, were 0.63 dB/cm/MHz and 258 dB/m for detecting S > 0 liver steatosis; 0.72 dB/cm/MHz and 304 dB/m for detecting S > 1 steatosis. ATI performed better than CAP, and this improvement was statistically significant for S > 1 (P = 0.04). DISCUSSION: This study shows that, in patients with no fibrosis/mild fibrosis, ATI is a very promising tool for the noninvasive assessment of steatosis.",
author = "Giovanna Ferraioli and Laura Maiocchi and Raciti, {Maria Vittoria} and Carmine Tinelli and {De Silvestri}, Annalisa and Mara Nichetti and {De Cata}, Pasquale and Mariangela Rondanelli and Luca Chiovato and Fabrizio Calliada and Carlo Filice",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.14309/ctg.0000000000000081",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "e00081",
journal = "Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology",
issn = "2155-384X",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Detection of Liver Steatosis With a Novel Ultrasound-Based Technique

T2 - A Pilot Study Using MRI-Derived Proton Density Fat Fraction as the Gold Standard

AU - Ferraioli, Giovanna

AU - Maiocchi, Laura

AU - Raciti, Maria Vittoria

AU - Tinelli, Carmine

AU - De Silvestri, Annalisa

AU - Nichetti, Mara

AU - De Cata, Pasquale

AU - Rondanelli, Mariangela

AU - Chiovato, Luca

AU - Calliada, Fabrizio

AU - Filice, Carlo

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the value of attenuation imaging (ATI), a novel ultrasound technique for detection of steatosis, by comparing the results to that obtained with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and by using MRI-derived proton density fat fraction (PDFF) as reference standard. METHODS: From March to November 2018, 114 consecutive adult subjects potentially at risk of steatosis and 15 healthy controls were enrolled. Each subject underwent ATI and CAP assessment on the same day. MRI-PDFF was performed within a week. RESULTS: The prevalence of steatosis, as defined by MRI-PDFF ≥ 5%, was 70.7%. There was a high correlation of ATI with MRI-PDFF (r = 0.81, P < 0.0001). The correlation of CAP with MRI-PDFF and with ATI, respectively, was moderate (r = 0.65, P < 0.0001 and r = 0.61, P < 0.0001). The correlation of ATI or CAP with PDFF was not affected by age, gender, or body mass index. Area under the receiver operating characteristics of ATI and CAP, respectively, were 0.91 (0.84-0.95; P < 0.0001) and 0.85 (0.77-0.91; P < 0.0001) for detecting S > 0 steatosis (MRI-PDFF ≥ 5%); 0.95 (0.89-0.98; P < 0.0001) and 0.88 (0.81-0.93; P < 0.0001) for detecting S > 1 steatosis (MRI-PDFF ≥ 16.3%). The cutoffs of ATI and CAP, respectively, were 0.63 dB/cm/MHz and 258 dB/m for detecting S > 0 liver steatosis; 0.72 dB/cm/MHz and 304 dB/m for detecting S > 1 steatosis. ATI performed better than CAP, and this improvement was statistically significant for S > 1 (P = 0.04). DISCUSSION: This study shows that, in patients with no fibrosis/mild fibrosis, ATI is a very promising tool for the noninvasive assessment of steatosis.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the value of attenuation imaging (ATI), a novel ultrasound technique for detection of steatosis, by comparing the results to that obtained with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and by using MRI-derived proton density fat fraction (PDFF) as reference standard. METHODS: From March to November 2018, 114 consecutive adult subjects potentially at risk of steatosis and 15 healthy controls were enrolled. Each subject underwent ATI and CAP assessment on the same day. MRI-PDFF was performed within a week. RESULTS: The prevalence of steatosis, as defined by MRI-PDFF ≥ 5%, was 70.7%. There was a high correlation of ATI with MRI-PDFF (r = 0.81, P < 0.0001). The correlation of CAP with MRI-PDFF and with ATI, respectively, was moderate (r = 0.65, P < 0.0001 and r = 0.61, P < 0.0001). The correlation of ATI or CAP with PDFF was not affected by age, gender, or body mass index. Area under the receiver operating characteristics of ATI and CAP, respectively, were 0.91 (0.84-0.95; P < 0.0001) and 0.85 (0.77-0.91; P < 0.0001) for detecting S > 0 steatosis (MRI-PDFF ≥ 5%); 0.95 (0.89-0.98; P < 0.0001) and 0.88 (0.81-0.93; P < 0.0001) for detecting S > 1 steatosis (MRI-PDFF ≥ 16.3%). The cutoffs of ATI and CAP, respectively, were 0.63 dB/cm/MHz and 258 dB/m for detecting S > 0 liver steatosis; 0.72 dB/cm/MHz and 304 dB/m for detecting S > 1 steatosis. ATI performed better than CAP, and this improvement was statistically significant for S > 1 (P = 0.04). DISCUSSION: This study shows that, in patients with no fibrosis/mild fibrosis, ATI is a very promising tool for the noninvasive assessment of steatosis.

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